Federal State Unitary Enterprise State ATM Corporation is responsible for air traffic service and an essential part of it is air traffic management in the airspace of the Russian Federation.
The objective of air traffic management (ATM) is a provision of air navigation services for airspace users in accordance with the regulatory documents of the Russian Federation in effect and international provisions and regulations.
- Air Traffic Service (Control) (ATS)
- Air Traffic Flow Management (ATFM)
- Airspace Management for ATS and ATFM
Air Traffic Service is performed by operational units namely:
- 1 Main center
- 7 zonal centres
- 27 area centres
- 7 auxiliary area centres
They co-ordinate with:
- 9 federal districts of the Russian Federation
- 85 constituent entities of the Russian Federation
- 4 military districts of the Russian Federation and 21 adjacent States FIRs
Air Traffic Service is provided over the territory of the Russian Federation along 891 ATS routes and their total distance exceeds 697 000 km.
Main Objectives of State ATM Corporation in the field of Air Traffic Service:
- to ensure safety in the airspace of the Russian Federation
- air traffic management along airways, domestic air routes, in terminal area and during aerial work operations
- to implement new techniques and ATS procedures, including CNS/ATM systems and automatization processes
- to implement state-of-the-art service technologies to increase ATS Centres capacity and national ATS system on the whole
- air traffic service (control) management at joint civil-military aerodromes and at aerodromes of joint use
- ATCOs training
- to frame regulatory documentation and guidelines in different fields of ATS
- further development of the route networks:
- systems/facilities maintenance and their technical modernization
- implementation of the procedures to enlarge ATS Centres on the basis of a feasibility study
- definition of the ATS areas where the implementation of CNS/ATM is of high-priority
- the Russian Federation airspace structure improvement. Opening of new ATS routes over its territory, implementation of a new airspace structure of Moscow zone and neighboring Rostov, Samara, St. Petersburg and Yekaterinburg zones;
- improvement of ATCOs working techniques
- implementation of ICAO recommendations given Russian practices and ATS conditions
- implementation of foot measuring altitude system below the transition level;
- implementation of QNH at aerodromes;
- implementation of approach procedures of the "Trombon" and "Veer" type.